Feb 25, 2020

Structural defects in SiC ingots investigated by synchrotron diffraction imaging

4H silicon carbide as-grown ingots were investigated by diffraction imaging using synchrotron radiation. The white beam section topographs obtained for various sample geometries allowed us to reveal structural imperfections before slicing the bulky ingots to the thin wafers used as electronic device substrates. The systematic investigation indicated that the observed inclusions of different polytypes in 4H-SiC ingots are correlated with the  off-axis orientation of the seed. These inclusions, formed at the beginning of the crystal growth, provoke planar defects that propagate along the main vertical axis of the cylindrical crystal. New findings permitted us to understand the inclusion formation with the aim to increase the useful volume.


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